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Tourist attractions of the Bugyi village gathering
The village, covering 11,558 hectares and sheltering 5,149 inhabitants, is situated at about 30 km south from Budapest, at the crossroad of Ócsa – Kiskunlacháza and Taksony - Dabas – Kunpeszér roads, and is bypassed by the national highways and railways.
Its wide land can be explained by the fact that the place reunites several medieval villages (Bugyi, Vány, Ráda, Ürbő) and fiefdoms whose names are long lost in time. The boundaries of the village gathering are on the eastern side of the Csepel plain, which meets here Pest's alluvial cone plain, the Kiskunság sand dunes and the Solti plain.
The main role in the way this microregion came to being was played by the Danube and its old branch, drained in the 1920', resulting in the emergence of all sorts of soils. Relief has thus become a varied one, with wind-borne sand and sand, peat and loess sediments. The village surroundings and its special microclimate – excepting salt areas and water-covered areas – ensure favourable conditions for farming, mainly growing legumes; this is why the Bugyi village plays a major role as a food supplier for the capital city.
The rest of the village became important because of its natural, protected values.



The south-western strip of the Ürbő margin is the second largest Central-European puszta, known as a bird El Dorado, namely the Kiskunság National Park/Kiskunsági Nemzeti Park/, where lives the largest European bird – the bustard. On a 9.4 hectare protected strip of the puszta, near the village, grows the most beautiful flower of the former wetlands: the steppe flag iris or the dwarf iris.
In the middle of the village lies its baroque-looking centre, surrounded by the Beleznay-kúria residence, the Village Hall, the school and two churches.
Around the centre there are houses with gardens and on the outskirts a series of industrial platforms. Bugyi is a historical settlement of the area, where rich folk customs are maintained, and is at the same time undergoing urbanisation.

Maintaining the customs in the traditional House of Bugyi
The recent pearl of the Bugyi village, the traditional House of Bugyi, was inaugurated on 27 June 2013, with the support of the association Bugyelláris Hagyomány és Értékőrző Egyesület. Here are displayed the peasant houses of the Hungarian plain and their traditional furnishing. The House is a means and a space for exhibiting the predecessors' way of life.


Entering the traditional House, many visitors feel like in a time machine, smelling old kitchen smells and reliving childhood memories. The House is recently built, but it renders the atmosphere of old peasant homes, with a thatch roof, adobe walls and wood beams. For us, the traditional House means introducing our ancestors, our roots, knowing our folk art traditions. We believe that such community has a future, which knows and respects its past. We want to provide the future generations with the opportunity to take care and pass on our traditions.
Ócsa
About 35 km away from Budapest, at the crossing point between the Great Hungarian Plain and the Gödöllő hills, is the Ócsa town and the wetland surrounding it, where in 1975 the Ócsa Natural Protection Area / Ócsai Tájvédelmi Körzet / was established on a surface of 3,575 hectares.

In this place of the vine-growing Kunság area, grapevines were cultivated as early as the 13th century and wine was produced. It is likely that the first cellars were built here, as well. On the Öreghegy hill, south from this place, there are cellars of surprising shapes when one looks at them for the first time. Thatch-covered cellars with scissors-like roof framing offer a unique view. The gable is adorned with wrought iron elements. Entrances, mouths, branches of the cellars are not too wide, of 1-1.5 meters only. Doors separate the main cellar (“mother cellar”) from the slope entrance. Some of them have been provided with handrails, to make guests' access easier. In others, we can see clothing items and vine-growing instruments. People of somewhat wealth put door grates to protect the cellar from intruders.

Building cellar galleries had been a special craft. Digging craftsmen were highly appreciated in this place and were never in want of orders, as the cellars are more than 100. The most popular cellars were one-room cellars and those with two diversion rooms. Beside the mother-cellar there is a lateral diversion; there are also 3-diversion rooms.

Nowadays, wines from other vine-growing areas, too, are kept in the cellars dug in the loess clay soil. In the past decades, vine-growing has lost a bit of ground, although there are a few smaller vineyards around the cellars. The cellar-village traditions are preserved in the objects of the Traditional House (presses, crushers) and the association Ócsa Öreghegyi Pincesor Egyesület, established in 2000 by the cellar owners association, declared art monuments. The aim of the association is the protection and the renovation of the cellars, organising tourist promotion programmes. The owners of the cellars are happy to tell about this place, and if the tourists display a certain interest, they can even expect a small wine tasting.

Ócsa is an ideal tourist destination. Beside the array of cellars, there is plenty to see here. On Andor Street we find the Traditional House of the region, situated in the oldest area of the Ócsa town, called Öregfalu (“the old village”). The monument group consists of six protected houses. Near the Traditional House is the famous reformed basilica of the town, built in Roman style in the 13th century. The Ágasház house is also remarkable by its minerals and exhibits.

Lovers of nature can enjoy a trip through the Ócsa Landscape Protection Area, located on the territory bordered by Ócsa, Dabas and Inárcs, rich in bog meadows and swamp forests.

Ressourcen, natürliche Reichtümer
The Ócsa Landscape Protection Area is one of the last areas left from the vast former wetlands spreading between the Danube and the Tisa. Its flora and fauna rarities, its resources, are the gift of the water, which went on flowing after unsuccessful attempts at draining it in the 19th century.

What is specific for the entire surface is its mosaic aspect, that is, the alternation between open waters, reed plots, plains, forests, steppes and corresponding imprints of the human activity.

Hayfields rich in various forms of life were born in the past by man's activity (regular scythe mowing) and they can be maintained as such. They offer a superb view throughout the year, especially in spring, when orchids specific to this area are in bloom: all sorts of orchids and ophrys (the green-winged orchid, Orchis laxiflora, the fragrant orchid - Gymnadenia conopsea, Ophrys sphegodes), the Siberian iris, and in lower places the black bog-rush, the scouring rush etc.

Forests here are ancient, shaped by individual selection and growing, which have almost ceased to be practised nowadays. The most precious are the alder swamps, covered in water almost all over the year; these trees have supporting roots, therefore the name given to them by the peasants – the “legged” alder. In higher areas we find groves of all sorts of oak, ash, elm and plenty of undergrowth. Among the flowers we mention: violas, golden dead nettles, summer snowdrops and lilies-of-the-valley, the last ones springing in large numbers in some areas.

Fauna is very rich, both as species and as specimens. We mention here arthropods that are rarely encountered by people (the lesser stag beetle, the Rosalia longicorn), the centipedes, namely the isopod – a true relict.

In our backpacking trips we can meet countless species of butterflies, for example the Coenonympha oedippus, and in places with reed and bull rush the Nonagria typhae.

Beside the usual species of fish we can find eels (the lamprey fish) and the European mudminnow, earlier very widely spread in marshlands. Among amphibians, the marsh frog is very common here. During mating at the start of the spring, the lucky passers-by can admire their sky-blue colour. We can also meet the brown toad, the European fire-bellied toad, the agile frog, the common spadefoot toad, the European tree frog, the edible frog, the great crested newt and the common newt.

Thanks to the rich avifauna, almost the entire protected area is of a special importance, being protected by the Ramsar Convention. Scientific bird watching and evaluation, their presentation to interested people has been conducted since 1983 by researchers at Madárvárta bird observatory situated on the Öreg-turján territory. During certain periods of the year, after submitting a previous application, anybody can participate in the scientific work.

A few bird species characteristic to this area are: the large egret, the grey heron, the western marsh harrier, the saker falcon, the ferruginous duck, the little grebe, the northern lapwing, the common snipe, the redshank, the common kingfisher, the great reed warbler, the moustached warbler, the Savi’s warbler etc.

As for mammals, we can mention the small rodents (the harvest mouse, the striped grass mouse), the furry predatory (the least weasel, the stoat, the marten), the European otter, the boar, the roe deer and the deer.

Recommended tourist routes
It is recommended that each backpacking trip should start at the welcoming guest house of the protected area (“Ócsai Tájvédelmi Körzet Fogadóháza”), where you are provided information about tourist routes. After corresponding directions, you will start your trip on the red-marked route bordering the village, along marsh meadows, arriving at the reformed cemetery with its funerary carved wood pillars, and further on through the village to the Inárcs gathering of villages, reaching the Öreg-hegy array of cellars, where you will be able to see a particular style of folk architecture.

The cellars are situated at the limit between the wetland and the sandy soil, dug in the ground, with scissor-shape frame ridges. Amidst the cellars you can admire the traditional works of locals, and with some luck you may be even invited at a wine tasting... Up the cellars hills you can overlook the forests and the marsh meadows.

Starting from the welcoming house on Dr. Békési Panyik Andor Street, passing by forests and marsh meadows, you will reach the Nagy-erdő (“the big forest”) parking, where a pedestrian laid-out path leads us to the Selyem-rét (“the silk field”).

There are sports facilities and marked areas where you can build fires here. On the way back, you will reach the main road no. 5, with a bus route, too.

The 6 stations of the natural educational route on the Selyem-rét present the forest flora and fauna of the Ócsa Landscape Protection Area. The area is a wetland basin specific to the space between the Danube and the Tisa, a watery hollow surrounded by sand lands, where forests and swamp meadows alternate.

The guide made for the educational route presents at every station the natural richness of the area: the varied flora and fauna, the aquatic biotopes. You can learn how propagation by sprout cutting is made for the Nagy-erdő trees, how many species of plants and animals profit from the rotting trunks and branches or the damaging effects of acacia spreading. Along your backpacking trip you can see species characteristic to swamp forests, such as the summer snowdrops or the turtles and discover where the “legged trees” name comes from.

The education path is 1,500 m long, the time to walk it being 2 hours. The stations are marked by numbered pillars.
The gravel pits at Nemesráda, Danube's wash at Bugyi
A geology incursion: the operating gravel pits and the abandoned ones in the Délegyháza-Bugyi-Alsónémedi area reveal us the Danube's wash; the petrified trees are more often found in the gravel pits of the Bugyi village. Although it's hard to establish their age, most of them probably come from the Ipoly river basin, therefore it is likely that their origin goes back as far as the Miocene. There are many metamorphic rocks originating from the Alps, and often Ice Age bone fossils appear.

I hope the presentation of the lakes and the fishing waters near the Bugyi village will help you choose a place where you can try to fish the biggest fish of the year. The success of your catch depends only on your skill and luck!

Bugyi – the Csali fishing lake
Administrator: Rápolti Péter
Telephone: +36 30 248 3257
Location: Pest County, between Kiskunlacháza and Bugyi
Opened: March to November
Opening hours: 06:00 - 19:00
Adult tickets: 3000 Ft
Children tickets for 6-14 year olds (only with adult supervision): 2000 Ft/day
Allowed fish captures: 2 pcs. of noble fish and 3 kg of small fish

Bugyi – the Petőfi fishing lake
Information: Badics Ferenc
Telephone: +36 70 941 8628
Tickets: 2.500 Ft/Tag
Allowed fish captures: 2 pcs. of noble fish and 3 kg of other fish species

Bugyi – the Szavanna fishing lake
Information: +36 30 933 5408, +36 20 453 3949
Location: the Szavanna fishing lake is situated only 15 minutes of driving away from Budapest, just near the Danube-Tisa canal
Species of fish: Prussian carp, common carp, wels catfish, pike, zander, sliver carp, trout
Opened: NON-STOP throughout the year
Tickets: 2500 Ft between 06:00-18:00 hours
Night tickets: 3000 Ft between 18:00-06:00 hours
Extra lake fee: 1500 Ft
Fishing from boat: ensured
Allowed fish captures: 2 pcs. of noble fish and 3 kg of other fish

Délegyháza – lakes I, II, III
Administrator: Sports Fishermen's Association Délegyházi Horgász Sportegyesület
Address: 2337 Délegyháza, str. Vörösmarty utca 4.
Water surface: 80 ha
Location: between Délegyháza and Dunavarsány, I-II-III gravel pit lakes at Délegyházi
Average water depth: 3.5 m
Type: natural water
Characteristic species (in order of frequency): carp, zander, Asian carp, pike, rapacious carp, Prussian carp, bream
Fishing methods: on the shore, from own boat
Fishing period and programme: during the specified fishing period, with no previous reservation
Night fishing: yes
Fishing conditions: during the specified fishing period, with no previous reservation
Services: in the nearby town/village
Arranged access for disabled people: no
Tickets: Adults: 2000 Ft/day, young people: 1000 Ft/day

Dunavarsány – the Moby Dick fishing lake
Lake's owner: Hegedűs János
Telephone: +36 30 274 0456
Position: It is situated amidst gravel pit lakes near Dunavarsány, Pest County
Surface: 50 ha (6 big lakes + 2 small lakes)
Fish: Prussian carp, bream, carp, Asian carp, wels catfish, American catfish, African catfish, pike, zander, rapacious carp, trout

The lake system is also loved because of the fish often larger than the average. Often, fish captures include 10 kg+ carp, 20 kg or even 50 kg wels catfish (but you could even find 100 kg wels catfish here).
We have very many fish who reach record books: zander, pike, common bream, Prussian carp. Trout weighing over 6 kg were captured, African catfish of over 18 kg, tench weighing 3.65 kg, bream of over 4 kg, asp weighing over 9 kg.
Our fish is extremely clean and tasty, being the main raw material for fishermen's dish contests.
In wintertime you can fish trout, American catfish or pike on small lakes that don't freeze.
The abundance of fish is ensured by the ongoing populating and the propitious depth of the lakes.

The Rukkel Lake
Informative price: 1000 Ft

Situated half an hour's drive from Budapest, at kilometre 6 of the Taksony-Bugyi road, this lake is a real aquatic park, with (almost) natural water. The lake bears the name of its owner, Rukkel János, the man who has been managing for 15 years with increasing success the swimming-pool covering 20 hectares, namely the aquatic park. The surface of the lake is of 12 hectares, with eleven water slides and four trampolines available for the visitors, who also have the possibility to rent hydrobikes, boats and kayaks.
For those who want longer stays, there is a 500-place camping place, and the restaurant, the grill bar, the buffets and the beer-houses, all can offer food and drink. For children there are two playgrounds and a small slide arranged there. Families with dogs must know that access of your four-footed friends is not allowed anywhere in the park!
The Kiskunság National Park
The Kiskunság National Park is the second Hungary's park. Like the Hortobágy plain, this area preserves memories of the multi-century cohabitation of man and nature. Among the valuable surfaces of the park we mention: the alkaline steppes of the Danube valley, the sand dunes, the wetlands between the Danube and the Tisa, the dead river branches and the meadow forests of the Lower Tisa (Alsó-Tiszavidék), as well as the sand dunes of the Bácska region.

In 1979 two thirds of the national park' surface was declared biosphere reserve by UNESCO programme Man and Biosphere. The aquatic biotopes of the park enjoy special protection by the Ramsar Convention. The national park's management is at Kecskemét. The national park includes the territories with the most valuable natural resources of the Danube-Tisa inter-space, situated in the Danube plain, on the Homokhátság and the Tisa valley.

The Kiskunság National Park comprises nine distinct units and covers 53,000 hectares. The Park's habitats are mainly made up of salt, alkaline and sandy steppes. The aquatic biotopes are represented by salt lakes, pools and swamps, as well as Tisa's dead branches. The uniqueness of the Kiskunság land is given by the peasant households, the breeding of steppe animals and agricultural farming, along with the ecosystems. Presentation points and educational paths of some protected areas make it easier to get acquainted to them.

Apaj
Strolling down the educational path Réce (the duck), we can follow the species of birds living in salty waters and rushes in their natural environment, and from the observation towers at the end of the route a stunning view of the steppe reveals to us.

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